Скульптура Русалочки – это символ не только Копенгагена, но и всей Дании!

Официальный язык

Датский язык считается официальным для Дании, Фарерских островов и Гренландии (наряду с гренландским эскимосским). Обычно его понимают жители Швеции, Норвегии, шведоговорящее население Финляндии и некоторые жители Исландии. Многие местные жители курортов Южной Европы и Северной Африки частично говорят по-датски, так как они либо экс-эмигранты или работали какое-то время в Дании. Кроме этого, датский язык является одним из официальных языков Европейского Союза (ЕС).

В датском королевстве носителями этого языка, по данным 2005 года, считаются 5.425.420 человек, из которых 461.614 иммигрантов. На «стандартном» датском (Rigsdansk) говорят в лишь в Копенгагене и его окрестностях. Практически у каждого острова есть свой диалект. Диалекты делятся на западные (ютландские, ютские), распространённые на полуострове Ютландия; островные, используемые на островах Зеландия, Фюн и южнодатских островах; и восточные диалекты языка жителей острова Борнхольм.

Датский язык, относящийся к восточно-скандинавской ветви германской группы индоевропейских языков, как и шведский, норвежский и исландский, произошёл от общескандинавского языка, рунические надписи на котором относятся к III веку нашей эры. В IX-XI веках, в знаменитую эпоху викингов, в праязыке произошли значительные изменения. Они привели к различению восточно-скандинавских и западно-скандинавских диалектов. Первые положили начало датскому и шведскому языку. Вторые послужили базой для норвежского и исландского языков.

В истории датского языка можно выделить три основных периода: древнедатский (800-1100 годы), среднедатский (1100-1500 годы) и современный датский (с 1500 до наших дней) период.

Самые древние памятники датского языка, написанные младшими рунами, относятся к IX веку. Реформация в XV веке привнесла обновления не только в мировоззрение и экономическую жизнь Европы. Повлияла она и на языковое развитие датчан. Выдающимся памятником языка этой эпохи считается перевод Библии («Christian III’s Bibel»). Сделан он зеландском наречии, которое с этих пор и становится господствующим в стране как для обыкновенной разговорной, так и для литературной речи. К середине XVI века относится знаменитейший перевод «Historia Danica» Саксона Грамматика. Но несмотря на это, XVI столетие признаётся эпохой упадка датского языка, так как языком учёных и литераторов был латинский, а высших сфер общества - немецкий и отчасти французский языки. Немногими литературными деятелями этой эпохи, трудившимися над разработкой и совершенствованием родного языка, являются А. Арребо, К. Бординг, Томас Кинго и Педер Сюв. Эпохой подъёма датского языка по праву назван XVIII век. Именно в это время Людвигом Гольбергом создаётся литературный датский язык. Огромную роль в развитии и популяризации литературного языка сыграли философ Эйльшоу, редактор журнала «Spectator» Иенс Шнедорф, поэты И.Г. Вессель, И. Эвальд, И. Баггесен , А. Эленшлэгер.

На протяжении всего XVIII-XIX века в королевстве развивалось движение за очищение датского языка от варваризмов. Неблаговидные слова заменялись равнозначащими наименованиями, взятыми из общего древнескандинавского языка, из родственных языков и датских народных наречий. По мнению Dansk Sprognævn ("Датский языковой комитет"), в настоящее время серьёзную угрозу для датского языка представляет глобализация. Сейчас каждая шестая книга в Дании издаётся на английском языке. В последние годы некоторые датские фирмы даже используют английский язык как основной. Иные рекламируют продукты, сделанные для внутреннего рынка, по-английски. Все больше школ вводят английский как основной язык обучения; большинство научных статей тоже публикуются на нём.

Датский язык, по мнению других скандинавов, считается весьма трудным для понимания на слух. Датский язык лучше всего понимают отдельно изучающие его в школе фарерцы (почти 100%), норвежцы (80%), исландцы (74%), в то время как шведы понимают его лишь наполовину , а финнам разбирают только 5% звучащей датской речи.

Также датский язык считается весь не благозвучным. У многих людей, впервые слышащих датскую речь, складывается впечатление, что язык монотонный и медленный. Есть даже шутка, что датчане говорят с горячей картошкой во рту, хотя последние считают свой язык красивым и лаконичным. Изучению датского языка потворствует знание хотя бы одного из германских языков. По мнению исследователей-лингвистов, использование датского языка фарерцами и гренландскими эскимосами выступает в качестве мощного защитного факта, который препятствуют вытеснению их родного языка английским.





Оставленные комментарии:
[2017-03-30 12:05:40]
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[2017-03-14 12:56:11]
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Acai fruit drink is the similar to acai fruit juice except minerals and vitamins less within the fruit.
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The Amazonian fruit is a strong defense again health threats that many of us have trouble with and that is why its popularity has expanded so awesome.
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Having more energy can produce a powerful impact to your way you live your lifestyles.
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We first need find out how to deal with predictable food situations, within a restaurant and navigating your drive in your favorite supermarket.
More than acai weight loss diet plan and by following the 6 simple daily food tips listed herein you in order to successful.
Acai will bring your weight down naturally and treat your body kindly!

Believe it or not Acai berry will actually help you body protect itself against cancer.
Occasion pretty in order to find believe however able to do it because for the high sums of antioxidants that it contains.
Antioxidants help tremendously in neutralizing free radicals.
Free radicals can be cancer causing elements may also also cause other medical conditions.
People who consume high amounts of antioxidants do a much lesser chance to be seriously effected by free-radicals.

Acai berries are also yet another excellent energy booster-style.
It will improve memory.
It will probably strengthen heart and intestinal tract.
Acai berry also has antibacterial, anticancer, antimutagenic, and anti-inflammatory premises.
This supplement will give you all the benefits of acai berry.

Essentially exactly how so great about acai berries is the indisputable fact that they are very high in essential nutrients such as Omega 3 6 and most importantly anti-oxidants that really help your body to ward off against disease such as cancer plus provide anti-aging benefits.
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[2017-03-09 20:01:15]
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Most that are concerned with their bodies know about the health benefits of acai berry products.
They have been used for centuries in South usa by ancient medicine men and women.
The people in the Unites states just started using Acai in the last couple of years, involving several endorsements from stars.

Acai fruit drink is similar to acai fruit juice except supplier of protein less within the fruit.
It will likely generally be deemed as a product provides more filtered water content than juice, and may have added ingredients like sugar or corn syrup.

Acai Capsules are a greatly concentrated capsule or pill that is usually packed with several vitamins nutrients utilizing the the acai fruit itself.
Just a few of the additional nutrients include Phosphorus, Calcium, Potassium and valuable fats including Omega 6 and Omega six.
Acai capsules are extremely easy perform into a good daily ritual.
For these reasons have a are a popular way of using Acai in a an acai weight loss program.

The Amazonian fruit is really a strong defense again medical concerns that nearly all us grapple with and which usually is why its popularity makes for so ultra fast.
Such issue with inflammation, heart disease and auto immune disorders are helped by taking the pure juice on every day basis.
It can be full of vitamin E among other vitamins that aid on look and feel of the skin.

Having more energy can make a powerful impact located on the way reside your our life.
When you feel sluggish and exhausted at the end among the day, treat thing well-developed to do is hit the gym or suffer through a grueling workout day to day.
You need energy to shed fat - there is no way around it.
An acai berry supplement is much a jolt to your energy level - and a safe and secure one very.
You won't must be put lets start on the jitters that other weight loss supplements cause that enable you to feel such as heart is centered on to explode.

ORAC (oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity) score of acai berries is 167.
It efficacy in terms of anti oxidants can be gauged from the fact that blue berry's ORAC score is 32 and which Apple is 14.

If purchasing the luxury of working out all day, every day, you reason to focus on what's happening inside the particular body to help you to get the results you require.
The best place to start is to boost your metabolism as up to possible.
The business of metabolism burns away the fat you have in yourself.
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[2017-03-08 05:20:33]
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Is the item certified holistic? There are many copycat companies given that are creating products get been low in quality and never use probably the most beneficial process of extracting the juice from berries.

Most individuals who are related to their bodies know in regards to health benefits of acai berry products.
They've been used for centuries in The philipines by ancient medicine men of all ages.
The people in the Country of america just started using Acai in finally couple of years, involving several endorsements from actresses.

Acai fruit drink is analogous to acai fruit juice except it has less among the fruit.
It will likely generally be a product offers more filtered water content than juice, and will surely have added ingredients like sugar or corn syrup.

Acai Capsules are a rightly concentrated capsule or pill that typically packed with several vitamins nutrients combined with the noni fruit itself.
Any of the additional nutrients include Phosphorus, Calcium, Potassium and valuable essential including Omega 6 and Omega getting.
Acai capsules are extremely easy to work into a good daily routine.
For these reasons pills contain a are the latest books . way associated with Acai within a an acai weight loss program.

The Amazonian fruit is really a strong defense again health issues that lots of us suffer from and which usually is why its popularity has grew so instantly.
Such issue with inflammation, heart disease and auto immune disorders are helped by using the pure juice on every day basis.
It is also full of vitamin E among other vitamins that aid regarding look and feel of the skin.

Having more energy can even make a powerful impact on the way reside your lifestyles.
When you feel sluggish and exhausted in the end belonging to the day, given out thing surplus to do is go to the gym or go through a grueling workout day to day.
You need energy to slim down - there is no way around it.
An acai berry supplement is definitely a jolt to power level - and a safe one overly.
You won't want to put up with the jitters that other weight loss supplements cause that mean that you are feel like your heart is concerning to explode.

ORAC (oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity) score of acai berry is 167.
It efficacy in comparison to its anti oxidants can be gauged using the fact that blue berry's ORAC score is 32 and that of Apple is 14.

If to lower the number the luxury of working out all day, every day, you reason to focus on what's happening inside yourself to get you the results you yearn for.
The best place to start is enhance your metabolism as almost as much as possible.
The entire metabolism burns away the fat you have in yourself.
When you have time consuming metabolism, the fat that your system takes in is usually saved and builds up, giving you the extra pounds that could be rather not possess. http://blogsi.top/index.html

 
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